Nile Monitor
Varanus niloticus
description The second-largest reptile in Africa. It is extremely hardy in captivity when properly maintained. Although it has a very aggressive temperament, it can be tamed with patience and frequent handling.
distribution Most of Africa; mainly in the Northeastern regions, except the Northwest
adult size 5' - 6' ; individuals get to 7'
life span 10 - 15 years
natural habitats Terrestrial; usually in the locality of ponds, streams or rivers
cage A simple and easy-to-clean cage is the best thing, specially for adults. It should be large enough but does not need to be high because they do not climb much. (e.g. Wooden Terrarium, Glass Terrarium)
substrate wood shavings, barks (e.g. Repti Bark, Coconut Bark), gravel, sand (e.g. Repti Sand, Calci-Sand), compressed paper granules (e.g. Good Mews)
activity period Daytime (diurnal);
12 - 14 hours each day with direct natural sunlight or UV lamp (e.g. ReptiSun 5.0, UV Heat Bulb)
temperature 30 - 32 ¢XC -- basking spot   (e.g. Basking Spot Lamp)
27 - 28 ¢XC -- cooler area   (e.g. Daylight Blue Bulb)
22 - 26 ¢XC -- at night   (e.g. Nightlight Red Bulb, Infrared Heat Lamp, Ceramic Heat Emitter)
humidity mid to low
hiding place Essential, since it seems to need its privacy during sleeping or stressed.

Possibllites include caves (e.g. Habba Hut, Heat Cave), etc
water bowl a large water bowl or pool is needed for it to soak in and drink. also it almost always excrete in the water.
diet Carnivorous (meat-eating);

Hatchlings should be fed on insects.
Adults can be fed on rodents and low-fat meat, occasionally cooked eggs and high quality canned reptile, dog or cat food.
how often to feed? Every day for hatchlings;
3 - 5 times a week for juveniles;
1 - 2 times a week for adults
notes Do not ever try to move your hands close to it when it is eating since monitors are usually aggressive feeders.

Food items should be no larger than the diameter of its head.
reproduction Oviparous

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